Pregnancy and Gum Disease
The timing of such care is vital given that the oral health of pregnant women has the potential to impact the oral health status of their children. Further, assessment of oral health risks in infants and young children with appropriate intervention, along with anticipatory guidance for parents and other caregivers, has the potential to prevent the transmissibility and development of early childhood caries (ECC).
The most common complications of pregnancy include spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), preterm birth, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. The current scientific studies, referenced in this document, regarding these conditions related to dental care indicate:
- Control of oral diseases in pregnant women has the potential to reduce the transmission of oral bacteria from mothers to their children.
- There is no evidence relating early spontaneous abortion to first trimester oral health care or dental procedures.
- Preeclampsia is a challenging condition in the management of the pregnant patient, but preeclampsia is not a contraindication to dental care.
- While research is ongoing, the best available evidence to date shows that periodontal treatment has no effect on birth outcomes of preterm labor and low preterm birthweight and is safe for the mother and fetus.
- Best practice suggests that because it has been shown to be safe and effective in reducing periodontal disease and periodontal pathogens, periodontal care should be provided during pregnancy.